Management styles are very important for a business. It’s one of the most important decisions a company can make, yet 8 out of 10 times companies chose the wrong manager? That doesn’t seem right to us. It’s easy to assume that those managers just weren’t cut out to be in a management position, but, a four-year study conducted by Leadership IQ found that wasn’t the case. The study shows that in more cases than none, it was the manager’s style being inappropriate for that particular company culture. Different projects, teams, tasks, and businesses need different management styles and if, as a manager, you can’t adapt to the needs of your position and company, then you’re doomed to fail. What’s worse, not being the right fit as a manager can lead to disengagement across your team, and when a team isn’t engaged, that results in: 📉 Lower productivity 👎 Poorer quality of work 👋 Dramatically increased staff turnover 🚪Issues with absenteeism 💸 Reduced profitability across the business In worst-case scenarios, having the wrong management style in your business can de-motivate employees, kill productivity, and ultimately cause employees to disengage and leave your business. And no one wants that. Luckily for you, Employment Hero is here to help. We’ve listed some of the top management styles, including the pros and cons of each, and when each one is most effective. So you can work out which one you are, and if that’s right for your team and business.
Different types of management styles
Authoritative Management Style. The authoritarian management style essentially means managing through clear direction and control. Managers that use this style typically assert strong authority within their team, have total decision-making power, and expect unquestioned obedience from their team members. To be an effective authoritarian manager, you need to be willing and able to consistently stay up-to-date on your teams’ work and to make any and all decisions. Pros:
- Authoritarian management style has been shown to positively affect employee performance
- This type of management has great impact on company cultures that have a high power distance, where employees expect higher-level people to have more power and tend to automatically defer to those in higher positions
- Effective if you have new or inexperienced employees who need a lot of guidance and instruction
- If taken to the extreme, an authoritarian style can easily create a negative workspace. If you try to hold on to control too tightly, it can lead to micromanagement, which will drive away your best employees
- Maintaining total control of all decision-making can also require a great deal of time and effort on the managers part.
Democratic Management Style A democratic management style is based on the philosophy that two heads are better than one and that everyone deserves to have a say, no matter what their position or title within the business. A manager who adopts this style tends to encourage idea sharing and regular employee participation across their team. The focus is on encouraging your team to share their thoughts, ideas, suggestions, and potential solutions in order to help each other, and the company grow. Pros:
- A democratic leadership style helps your employees feel valued and heard
- It encourages team members to solve their own problems and come up with innovative new ideas
- You’re encouraging your team members to think for themselves and to take on more responsibility for team decisions and outcomes – which in turn helps with their personal and professional growth
- You can arrive at better solutions and achieve greater results than if you’re making decisions in isolation.
- It takes time, especially if you’re in a scenario where a decision needs to be made quickly, you might not have time to seek out and consider the suggestions of every team member
- Employees can become frustrated or resentful if they feel like you’re not truly taking their ideas into consideration – or if you favour one team members insights more than theirs
Persuasive Style Next, we have a persuasive leader, who are the types of managers that maintain the final decision-making control. However, they make these choices based on the persuasion of their team. Employees will convince their manager of the benefits of a decision but at the end of the day, the manager will make the final call. Pros:
- You have the ability to make quick decisions without the need to consult the whole team
- There is no confusion regarding team hierarchy or decision-making processes
- You have creative and professional freedom but your team can still have an input – making them feel like their insights are valued
- This is a great option for managers who need input from experts, and who can acknowledge where their skills may lack
- This management style doesn’t work when employees do not support the manager. For example, if they choose not to provide input or do not trust decisions that have been made
- If the plan fails, the blame is all on you as the final decision-maker
- You are seen as the bona fide expert for everything, which can be a lot of pressure for some people!
Participative Management Styles Participative managers trust their employees. Similar to the persuasive style manager, but they not only seek out the opinions and ideas of their team – but they trust and act on them. They work together with their team to make decisions as a group and the staff is highly involved. Pros:
- Employees feel valued and show increased motivation and productivity because they have a say in the decision-making process – meaning added responsibility and an urge to take charge
- Employees feel a great sense of job satisfaction because they see that their suggestions are being implemented
- Can improve the quality of work as employees feel more passionate about ideas they have suggested themselves
- Some employees do not want to be involved in decision making and can come to resent a manager with this style
- Decision making slows down as there’s more participation and people involved in the process
Delegate Management Styles A delegative management style allows employees to take full responsibility of their work areas. The manager assigns tasks with little or no direction and expects the staff to achieve results on their own accord. Pros:
- This management style highlights the expertise of the whole team, and helps employees feel self-motivated and capable of independent work
- You can rely on the experiences of your employees, if a certain topic isn’t your exact expertise
- It creates workplace satisfaction for your employees
- You can play on and use your own skills strategically
- This type of management can lead to a lack of uniformity among team members, as everyone is working on individual projects that have been delegated to them
- In turn, this can lead to uncoordinated efforts toward productivity
As you can see, there’s a fair few management styles out there – each with their own pros and cons. We suggest really having a think about how you manage your team, and do you want another tip… ask your employees for honest and open feedback on how you manage them. You might be surprised to learn things about yourself that you didn’t know before. Or find out things that your team don’t appreciate that you can easily change. Want more? Think you’ve got bad managers affecting your business? Download our insightful whitepaper for some tips and tricks to coach them into a great one.