Team conflict resolution
Conflicts are inevitable, even in the most engaged of workplaces. Regardless of the source of the conflict, if they are left unresolved, conflicts can quickly impact employee morale and productivity.
This article will cover a few conflict management examples and the basic conflict management skills you should practice to resolve them.
It’s important to practice the following skills when resolving team conflict in the workplace:
- Create a healthy culture. Treat everyone in your team fairly and equally, provide them with praise and recognition, and be open and honest at all times.
- Learn to spot the early signs of conflict. Read team members’ body language (e.g. crossed arms), facial expressions and tone of voice.
- Deal with conflict promptly. Take action early to help your people resolve the situation before it escalates.
- Develop rules for handling conflict. Ensure team members listen to one another, respect each other’s points of view, and refrain from interrupting each other.
- Never take sides. Your role is to help the team members address the issues causing the conflict and to reach a resolution that works well for them.
As the HR manager in your company you should be able to provide help and support to your colleagues and lead team building and conflict management activities.
3 Group conflict examples
Before you can work your way to better managing team conflict, you have to be across the types of conflict that can occur and you yourself should be able to give examples of how effective teams may deal with conflicts.
There are a few different types of team conflict. Three of the most common types of workplace conflicts that you’ll experience are with the boss, your co-workers, or the team. Here we discuss each type and give you some helpful examples.
1. Conflict with the boss
The situation of an employee who has constant clashes with their boss typically comes about when their boss shows little faith in their skills and ability, and doesn’t have confidence that the employee can get the job done without micromanagement.
The individual may have been overlooked for a promotion, or their boss may have different ideas about what the employee’s role should be, and very different perceptions about priorities and what needs to be done.
2. Conflict with a colleague
In today’s working world, collaboration is key. But, the office can be a stressful, competitive place that doesn’t always bring out everyone’s best side.
Tension can flare up among co-workers for any number of reasons. From perceptions of unfair workloads, unjust recognition, favouritism, to different views on how a task should be completed. However, some of the most problematic conflicts with colleagues come about because of egos, personal values, and office politics.
3. Conflict with direct reports or team members
Conflict with direct reports can erupt if a team member appears to be slacking off and not pulling their weight, while their poor performance goes unchecked.
At the same time, workplace change like a new boss or a peer being given more responsibility can also spark conflict as workers try to adapt to new situations. Other factors include an individual’s self-esteem, their personal goals, values and needs.
How to resolve team conflict
There are several methods of addressing conflict within a team but by having a thorough understanding of which types of team conflict your workplace is dealing with the better you can resolve them.
How to resolve conflict with a boss
If there is conflict between a boss and an employee, it’s important to understand the boss’s goals and motivations, while letting the employee express their concerns, while exploring ways for them to work better together.
For example, the boss may have no idea that the employee was looking for more responsibility, and their “micromanaging” of them was just their way of making sure the employee didn’t get overwhelmed with the tasks at hand.
Getting insight into a boss’s reasoning and outlook may spark ideas about new techniques for handling the situation.
How to go about resolving conflict with a colleague
With an honest and open approach, you can resolve most types of co-worker conflicts. When it comes to differing views on how a task should be accomplished, it’s important to recognise all ideas, and find common ground.
Focus on what aspects both parties agree on, and figure out if there’s one way that appeals to both of them. If not, approach someone higher up to get their help on making the decision.
To resolve more difficult conflicts with colleagues, it’s important to approach the situation with a positive attitude and focus on solutions, rather apportioning blame.
How to manage conflict in a team
Finally, how do you handle conflict between team members? The longer a conflict between team members goes on, the more it will snowball. So, it’s important to have difficult conversations with the team members early on.
Look at issues objectively, and make work-related outcomes and behavioural expectations clear. Alternatively, where both team members have credible ideas on a solution yet cannot find common ground, draw on a senior member of staff to help find the compromise.
Dispute resolution procedures
According to the Australian Fair Work Commission (FWC), modern awards and enterprise agreements should feature a dispute resolution procedure to help resolve disputes. Employers should follow the procedure, and failing that, can make an official application to the Commission for a resolution.
The steps of a dispute resolution procedure may include:
- The staff member meeting with their direct supervisor to discuss the grievance
- The matter being discussed further with senior management
- The referral of the dispute to a senior officer within the organisation
- An independent mediator offers assistance in resolving the dispute
If both the employee and employer can settle the dispute privately it saves the time and stress of a formal legal process. The FWC recommends an interest-based approach to resolve and even prevent disputes. This method focuses on shared interests, and the Commission can help implement interest-based approaches via the Cooperative Workplaces program.
The following information and tools may also help with policies and procedures to avoid disputes:
- The Fair Work Ombudsman
- Online learning centre – having difficult conversations at work
- Effective dispute resolution (a best practice guide for effective dispute resolution)
- Information on workplace consultation and co-operation
Team conflict is normal
It’s important to understand that a conflict-free workplace is not necessarily a good thing. Conflict is both normal and healthy. It’s all about managing team conflict and creating a culture where dissent is encouraged and where everyone feels safe to disagree with one another can spark innovation, and future success.
Knowing how to deal with conflict in a team; especially unhealthy conflict is important. Indeed, healthy conflict is not toxic. Nor will it destroy your work environment or company culture. In fact, handled properly through appropriate team conflict management activities, conflict can generate that spark of ingenuity that is so important to the health of the business.
So, as the HR manager, it’s important to treat conflict with respect. But, instead of cleaning up other people’s messes, empower your people to work through the problems themselves.